Updates from: 08/04/2021 03:20:11
Service Microsoft Docs article Related commit history on GitHub Change details
Microsoft.PowerShell.Core About Automatic Variables (5.1) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/5.1/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Automatic_Variables.md
objects in a pipeline.
### $PSScriptRoot
-Contains the directory from which a script is being run.
+Contains the full path of the executing script's parent directory.
In PowerShell 2.0, this variable is valid only in script modules (`.psm1`). Beginning in PowerShell 3.0, it's valid in all scripts.
Microsoft.PowerShell.Core About Language Modes (5.1) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/5.1/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Language_Modes.md
--- description: Explains language modes and their effect on PowerShell sessions.
-keywords: powershell,cmdlet
Locale: en-US Previously updated : 09/09/2019 Last updated : 08/03/2021 online version: https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/microsoft.powershell.core/about/about_language_modes?view=powershell-5.1&WT.mc_id=ps-gethelp schema: 2.0.0 Title: about Language Modes
of the PowerShell language can be used in the session.
PowerShell supports the following language modes: -- FullLanguage-- ConstrainedLanguage (introduced in PowerShell 3.0)-- RestrictedLanguage-- NoLanguage
+- **FullLanguage**
+- **ConstrainedLanguage** (introduced in PowerShell 3.0)
+- **RestrictedLanguage**
+- **NoLanguage**
### WHAT IS A LANGUAGE MODE?
The FullLanguage mode permits all language elements in the session.
FullLanguage is the default language mode for default sessions on all versions of Windows except for Windows RT.
-#### RESTRICTED LANGUAGE (RestrictedLanguage)
+#### Restricted language (RestrictedLanguage)
-In RestrictedLanguage mode, users may run commands (cmdlets, functions, CIM
+In **RestrictedLanguage** mode, users may run commands (cmdlets, functions, CIM
commands, and workflows) but are not permitted to use script blocks. By default, only the following variables are permitted in RestrictedLanguage
Only the following comparison operators are permitted:
Assignment statements, property references, and method calls are not permitted.
-#### NO LANGUAGE (NoLanguage)
+#### No language (NoLanguage)
NoLanguage mode can only be used through the API. NoLanguage mode means no script text of any form is permitted. This precludes the use of the
script text of any form is permitted. This precludes the use of the
and executed. You can only use **AddCommand()** and **AddParameter()** which don't go through the parser.
-#### CONSTRAINED LANGUAGE (Constrained Language)
+#### Constrained language (Constrained Language)
-The ConstrainedLanguage mode permits all cmdlets and all PowerShell language
-elements, but it limits permitted types.
+The **ConstrainedLanguage** mode permits all cmdlets and all PowerShell
+language elements, but it limits permitted types.
-ConstrainedLanguage mode is designed to support User Mode Code Integrity (UMCI)
-on Windows RT. It is the only supported language mode on Windows RT, but it is
-available on all supported systems.
+**ConstrainedLanguage** mode is designed to support User Mode Code Integrity
+(UMCI) on Windows RT. It is the only supported language mode on Windows RT, but
+it is available on all supported systems.
UMCI protects ARM devices by allowing only Microsoft-signed and Microsoft-certified apps to be installed on Windows RT-based devices.
-ConstrainedLanguage mode prevents users from using PowerShell to circumvent or
-violate UMCI.
+**ConstrainedLanguage** mode prevents users from using PowerShell to circumvent
+or violate UMCI.
-The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
+The features of **ConstrainedLanguage** mode are as follows:
- All cmdlets in Windows modules, and other UMCI-approved cmdlets, are fully functional and have complete access to system resources, except as
The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
- Cmdlet parameters that convert string input to types work only when the resulting type is an allowed type. -- The **ToString()** method and the .NET methods of allowed types (listed
+- The `ToString()` method and the .NET methods of allowed types (listed
below) can be invoked. Other methods cannot be invoked. - Users can get all properties of allowed types. Users can set the values of
Allowed Types:
- UInt32 - UInt64
-### FINDING THE LANGUAGE MODE OF A SESSION CONFIGURATION
+### Finding the language mode of a session configuration
When a session configuration is created by using a session configuration file, the session configuration has a LanguageMode property. You can find the
On other session configurations, you can find the language mode indirectly by
finding the language mode of a session that is created by using the session configuration.
-### FINDING THE LANGUAGE MODE OF A SESSION
+### Finding the language mode of a session
-You can find the language mode of a FullLanguage or ConstrainedLanguage
-session by getting the value of the LanguageMode property of the session
+You can find the language mode of a **FullLanguage** or **ConstrainedLanguage**
+session by getting the value of the **LanguageMode** property of the session
state. For example:
$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode
ConstrainedLanguage ```
-However, in sessions with RestrictedLanguage and NoLanguage modes,
+However, in sessions with **RestrictedLanguage** and **NoLanguage** modes,
you cannot use the dot method to get property values. Instead, the error message reveals the language mode. When you run the `$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode` command in a
-RestrictedLanguage session, PowerShell returns the
-PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection and
-VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection error messages.
+**RestrictedLanguage** session, PowerShell returns the
+**PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection** and
+**VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection** error messages.
-- PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection: Property references are not
+- **PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection**: Property references are not
allowed in restricted language mode or a Data section.-- VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection A variable that cannot be
+- **VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection**: A variable that cannot be
referenced in restricted language mode or a Data section is being referenced. When you run the `$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode` command in a
-NoLanguage session, PowerShell returns the ScriptsNotAllowed error message.
+NoLanguage session, PowerShell returns the **ScriptsNotAllowed** error message.
-- ScriptsNotAllowed: The syntax is not supported by this runspace. This might
- be because it is in no-language mode.
+- **ScriptsNotAllowed**: The syntax is not supported by this runspace. This
+ might be because it is in no-language mode.
-## SEE ALSO
+## See also
- [about_Session_Configuration_Files](about_Session_Configuration_Files.md) - [about_Session_Configurations](about_Session_Configurations.md)
Microsoft.PowerShell.Management Set Clipboard (5.1) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/5.1/Microsoft.PowerShell.Management/Set-Clipboard.md
Title: Set-Clipboard
--- # Set-Clipboard
-## SYNOPSIS
+## Synopsis
Sets the current Windows clipboard entry.
-## SYNTAX
+## Syntax
### String (Default)
Set-Clipboard [-Append] -Path <String[]> [-AsHtml] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<Common
Set-Clipboard [-Append] -LiteralPath <String[]> [-AsHtml] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>] ```
-## DESCRIPTION
+## Description
The `Set-Clipboard` cmdlet sets the current Windows clipboard entry.
-## EXAMPLES
+## Examples
### Example 1: Copy text to the clipboard
ssh key so that it can be pasted into another application, like GitHub.
Get-Content C:\Users\user1\.ssh\id_ed25519.pub | Set-Clipboard ```
-## PARAMETERS
+## Parameters
### -Append
This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable
-InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see [about_CommonParameters](https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).
-## INPUTS
+## Inputs
### System.String[]
-## OUTPUTS
+## Outputs
-## NOTES
+## Notes
In rare cases when using `Set-Clipboard` with a high number of values in rapid succession, like in a loop, you might sporadically get a blank value from the clipboard. This can be fixed by using `Start-Sleep -Milliseconds 1` in the loop.
-## RELATED LINKS
+## Related links
[Get-Clipboard](Get-Clipboard.md)
Microsoft.PowerShell.Core About Automatic Variables (7.0) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.0/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Automatic_Variables.md
objects in a pipeline.
### $PSScriptRoot
-Contains the directory from which a script is being run.
+Contains the full path of the executing script's parent directory.
In PowerShell 2.0, this variable is valid only in script modules (`.psm1`). Beginning in PowerShell 3.0, it's valid in all scripts.
Microsoft.PowerShell.Core About Language Modes (7.0) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.0/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Language_Modes.md
--- description: Explains language modes and their effect on PowerShell sessions.
-keywords: powershell,cmdlet
Locale: en-US Previously updated : 09/09/2019 Last updated : 08/03/2021 online version: https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/microsoft.powershell.core/about/about_language_modes?view=powershell-7&WT.mc_id=ps-gethelp schema: 2.0.0 Title: about Language Modes
of the PowerShell language can be used in the session.
PowerShell supports the following language modes: -- FullLanguage-- ConstrainedLanguage (introduced in PowerShell 3.0)-- RestrictedLanguage-- NoLanguage
+- **FullLanguage**
+- **ConstrainedLanguage** (introduced in PowerShell 3.0)
+- **RestrictedLanguage**
+- **NoLanguage**
### WHAT IS A LANGUAGE MODE?
The FullLanguage mode permits all language elements in the session.
FullLanguage is the default language mode for default sessions on all versions of Windows except for Windows RT.
-#### RESTRICTED LANGUAGE (RestrictedLanguage)
+#### Restricted language (RestrictedLanguage)
-In RestrictedLanguage mode, users may run commands (cmdlets, functions, CIM
+In **RestrictedLanguage** mode, users may run commands (cmdlets, functions, CIM
commands, and workflows) but are not permitted to use script blocks. By default, only the following variables are permitted in RestrictedLanguage
mode:
- `$False` - `$Null`
-Module manifests, which use RestrictedLanguage mode, permit the following
+Module manifests, which use **RestrictedLanguage** mode, permit the following
additional variables as well: - `$PSScriptRoot`-- `$PSEdition` (in PowerShell Core)-- `$EnabledExperimentalFeatures` (in PowerShell Core)
+- `$PSEdition`
+- `$EnabledExperimentalFeatures`
Only the following comparison operators are permitted:
Only the following comparison operators are permitted:
Assignment statements, property references, and method calls are not permitted.
-#### NO LANGUAGE (NoLanguage)
+#### No language (NoLanguage)
NoLanguage mode can only be used through the API. NoLanguage mode means no script text of any form is permitted. This precludes the use of the
script text of any form is permitted. This precludes the use of the
and executed. You can only use **AddCommand()** and **AddParameter()** which don't go through the parser.
-#### CONSTRAINED LANGUAGE (Constrained Language)
+#### Constrained language (Constrained Language)
-The ConstrainedLanguage mode permits all cmdlets and all PowerShell language
-elements, but it limits permitted types.
+The **ConstrainedLanguage** mode permits all cmdlets and all PowerShell
+language elements, but it limits permitted types.
-ConstrainedLanguage mode is designed to support User Mode Code Integrity (UMCI)
-on Windows RT. It is the only supported language mode on Windows RT, but it is
-available on all supported systems.
+**ConstrainedLanguage** mode is designed to support User Mode Code Integrity
+(UMCI) on Windows RT. It is the only supported language mode on Windows RT, but
+it is available on all supported systems.
UMCI protects ARM devices by allowing only Microsoft-signed and Microsoft-certified apps to be installed on Windows RT-based devices.
-ConstrainedLanguage mode prevents users from using PowerShell to circumvent or
-violate UMCI.
+**ConstrainedLanguage** mode prevents users from using PowerShell to circumvent
+or violate UMCI.
-The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
+The features of **ConstrainedLanguage** mode are as follows:
- All cmdlets in Windows modules, and other UMCI-approved cmdlets, are fully functional and have complete access to system resources, except as
The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
- All modules included in Windows can be imported and all commands that the modules export run in the session. -- In PowerShell Workflow, you can write and run script workflows (workflows
- written in the PowerShell language). XAML-based workflows are not supported
- and you cannot run XAML in a script workflow, such as by using
- `Invoke-Expression -Language XAML`. Also, workflows cannot call other
- workflows, although nested workflows are permitted.
- - The `Add-Type` cmdlet can load signed assemblies, but it cannot load arbitrary C# code or Win32 APIs.
The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
- Cmdlet parameters that convert string input to types work only when the resulting type is an allowed type. -- The **ToString()** method and the .NET methods of allowed types (listed
+- The `ToString()` method and the .NET methods of allowed types (listed
below) can be invoked. Other methods cannot be invoked. - Users can get all properties of allowed types. Users can set the values of
Allowed Types:
- UInt32 - UInt64
-### FINDING THE LANGUAGE MODE OF A SESSION CONFIGURATION
+### Finding the language mode of a session configuration
When a session configuration is created by using a session configuration file, the session configuration has a LanguageMode property. You can find the
On other session configurations, you can find the language mode indirectly by
finding the language mode of a session that is created by using the session configuration.
-### FINDING THE LANGUAGE MODE OF A SESSION
+### Finding the language mode of a session
-You can find the language mode of a FullLanguage or ConstrainedLanguage
-session by getting the value of the LanguageMode property of the session
+You can find the language mode of a **FullLanguage** or **ConstrainedLanguage**
+session by getting the value of the **LanguageMode** property of the session
state. For example:
$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode
ConstrainedLanguage ```
-However, in sessions with RestrictedLanguage and NoLanguage modes,
+However, in sessions with **RestrictedLanguage** and **NoLanguage** modes,
you cannot use the dot method to get property values. Instead, the error message reveals the language mode. When you run the `$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode` command in a
-RestrictedLanguage session, PowerShell returns the
-PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection and
-VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection error messages.
+**RestrictedLanguage** session, PowerShell returns the
+**PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection** and
+**VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection** error messages.
-- PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection: Property references are not
+- **PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection**: Property references are not
allowed in restricted language mode or a Data section.-- VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection A variable that cannot be
+- **VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection**: A variable that cannot be
referenced in restricted language mode or a Data section is being referenced. When you run the `$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode` command in a
-NoLanguage session, PowerShell returns the ScriptsNotAllowed error message.
+NoLanguage session, PowerShell returns the **ScriptsNotAllowed** error message.
-- ScriptsNotAllowed: The syntax is not supported by this runspace. This might
- be because it is in no-language mode.
+- **ScriptsNotAllowed**: The syntax is not supported by this runspace. This
+ might be because it is in no-language mode.
-## SEE ALSO
+## See also
- [about_Session_Configuration_Files](about_Session_Configuration_Files.md) - [about_Session_Configurations](about_Session_Configurations.md)
Microsoft.PowerShell.Management Set Clipboard (7.0) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.0/Microsoft.PowerShell.Management/Set-Clipboard.md
Title: Set-Clipboard
--- # Set-Clipboard
-## SYNOPSIS
+## Synopsis
Sets the contents of the clipboard.
-## SYNTAX
+## Syntax
``` Set-Clipboard [-Value] <string[]> [-Append] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>] ```
-## DESCRIPTION
+## Description
The `Set-Clipboard` cmdlet sets the contents of the clipboard. > [!NOTE] > On Linux, this cmdlet requires the `xclip` utility to be in the path.
-## EXAMPLES
+## Examples
### Example 1: Copy text to the clipboard
ssh key so that it can be pasted into another application, like GitHub.
Get-Content C:\Users\user1\.ssh\id_ed25519.pub | Set-Clipboard ```
-## PARAMETERS
+## Parameters
### -Append
This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable
-InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see [about_CommonParameters](https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).
-## INPUTS
+## Inputs
### System.String[]
-## OUTPUTS
+## Outputs
-## NOTES
+## Notes
In rare cases when using `Set-Clipboard` with a high number of values in rapid succession, like in a loop, you might sporadically get a blank value from the clipboard. This can be fixed by using `Start-Sleep -Milliseconds 1` in the loop.
-## RELATED LINKS
+## Related links
[Get-Clipboard](Get-Clipboard.md)
Microsoft.PowerShell.Core About Automatic Variables (7.1) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.1/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Automatic_Variables.md
objects in a pipeline.
### $PSScriptRoot
-Contains the directory from which a script is being run.
+Contains the full path of the executing script's parent directory.
In PowerShell 2.0, this variable is valid only in script modules (`.psm1`). Beginning in PowerShell 3.0, it's valid in all scripts.
Microsoft.PowerShell.Core About Language Modes (7.1) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.1/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Language_Modes.md
--- description: Explains language modes and their effect on PowerShell sessions.
-keywords: powershell,cmdlet
Locale: en-US Previously updated : 09/09/2019 Last updated : 08/03/2021 online version: https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/microsoft.powershell.core/about/about_language_modes?view=powershell-7.1&WT.mc_id=ps-gethelp schema: 2.0.0 Title: about Language Modes
of the PowerShell language can be used in the session.
PowerShell supports the following language modes: -- FullLanguage-- ConstrainedLanguage (introduced in PowerShell 3.0)-- RestrictedLanguage-- NoLanguage
+- **FullLanguage**
+- **ConstrainedLanguage** (introduced in PowerShell 3.0)
+- **RestrictedLanguage**
+- **NoLanguage**
### WHAT IS A LANGUAGE MODE?
The FullLanguage mode permits all language elements in the session.
FullLanguage is the default language mode for default sessions on all versions of Windows except for Windows RT.
-#### RESTRICTED LANGUAGE (RestrictedLanguage)
+#### Restricted language (RestrictedLanguage)
-In RestrictedLanguage mode, users may run commands (cmdlets, functions, CIM
+In **RestrictedLanguage** mode, users may run commands (cmdlets, functions, CIM
commands, and workflows) but are not permitted to use script blocks. By default, only the following variables are permitted in RestrictedLanguage
mode:
- `$False` - `$Null`
-Module manifests, which use RestrictedLanguage mode, permit the following
+Module manifests, which use **RestrictedLanguage** mode, permit the following
additional variables as well: - `$PSScriptRoot`-- `$PSEdition` (in PowerShell Core)-- `$EnabledExperimentalFeatures` (in PowerShell Core)
+- `$PSEdition`
+- `$EnabledExperimentalFeatures`
Only the following comparison operators are permitted:
Only the following comparison operators are permitted:
Assignment statements, property references, and method calls are not permitted.
-#### NO LANGUAGE (NoLanguage)
+#### No language (NoLanguage)
NoLanguage mode can only be used through the API. NoLanguage mode means no script text of any form is permitted. This precludes the use of the
script text of any form is permitted. This precludes the use of the
and executed. You can only use **AddCommand()** and **AddParameter()** which don't go through the parser.
-#### CONSTRAINED LANGUAGE (Constrained Language)
+Beginning in PowerShell 7.2, the `New-Object` cmdlet is disabled in
+**NoLanguage** mode when system lockdown is configured.
-The ConstrainedLanguage mode permits all cmdlets and all PowerShell language
-elements, but it limits permitted types.
+#### Constrained language (Constrained Language)
-ConstrainedLanguage mode is designed to support User Mode Code Integrity (UMCI)
-on Windows RT. It is the only supported language mode on Windows RT, but it is
-available on all supported systems.
+The **ConstrainedLanguage** mode permits all cmdlets and all PowerShell
+language elements, but it limits permitted types.
+
+**ConstrainedLanguage** mode is designed to support User Mode Code Integrity
+(UMCI) on Windows RT. It is the only supported language mode on Windows RT, but
+it is available on all supported systems.
UMCI protects ARM devices by allowing only Microsoft-signed and Microsoft-certified apps to be installed on Windows RT-based devices.
-ConstrainedLanguage mode prevents users from using PowerShell to circumvent or
-violate UMCI.
+**ConstrainedLanguage** mode prevents users from using PowerShell to circumvent
+or violate UMCI.
-The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
+The features of **ConstrainedLanguage** mode are as follows:
- All cmdlets in Windows modules, and other UMCI-approved cmdlets, are fully functional and have complete access to system resources, except as
The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
- All modules included in Windows can be imported and all commands that the modules export run in the session. -- In PowerShell Workflow, you can write and run script workflows (workflows
- written in the PowerShell language). XAML-based workflows are not supported
- and you cannot run XAML in a script workflow, such as by using
- `Invoke-Expression -Language XAML`. Also, workflows cannot call other
- workflows, although nested workflows are permitted.
- - The `Add-Type` cmdlet can load signed assemblies, but it cannot load arbitrary C# code or Win32 APIs.
The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
- Cmdlet parameters that convert string input to types work only when the resulting type is an allowed type. -- The **ToString()** method and the .NET methods of allowed types (listed
+- The `ToString()` method and the .NET methods of allowed types (listed
below) can be invoked. Other methods cannot be invoked. - Users can get all properties of allowed types. Users can set the values of
Allowed Types:
- UInt32 - UInt64
-### FINDING THE LANGUAGE MODE OF A SESSION CONFIGURATION
+### Finding the language mode of a session configuration
When a session configuration is created by using a session configuration file, the session configuration has a LanguageMode property. You can find the
On other session configurations, you can find the language mode indirectly by
finding the language mode of a session that is created by using the session configuration.
-### FINDING THE LANGUAGE MODE OF A SESSION
+### Finding the language mode of a session
-You can find the language mode of a FullLanguage or ConstrainedLanguage
-session by getting the value of the LanguageMode property of the session
+You can find the language mode of a **FullLanguage** or **ConstrainedLanguage**
+session by getting the value of the **LanguageMode** property of the session
state. For example:
$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode
ConstrainedLanguage ```
-However, in sessions with RestrictedLanguage and NoLanguage modes,
+However, in sessions with **RestrictedLanguage** and **NoLanguage** modes,
you cannot use the dot method to get property values. Instead, the error message reveals the language mode. When you run the `$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode` command in a
-RestrictedLanguage session, PowerShell returns the
-PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection and
-VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection error messages.
+**RestrictedLanguage** session, PowerShell returns the
+**PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection** and
+**VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection** error messages.
-- PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection: Property references are not
+- **PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection**: Property references are not
allowed in restricted language mode or a Data section.-- VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection A variable that cannot be
+- **VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection**: A variable that cannot be
referenced in restricted language mode or a Data section is being referenced. When you run the `$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode` command in a
-NoLanguage session, PowerShell returns the ScriptsNotAllowed error message.
+NoLanguage session, PowerShell returns the **ScriptsNotAllowed** error message.
-- ScriptsNotAllowed: The syntax is not supported by this runspace. This might
- be because it is in no-language mode.
+- **ScriptsNotAllowed**: The syntax is not supported by this runspace. This
+ might be because it is in no-language mode.
-## SEE ALSO
+## See also
- [about_Session_Configuration_Files](about_Session_Configuration_Files.md) - [about_Session_Configurations](about_Session_Configurations.md)
Microsoft.PowerShell.Management Set Clipboard (7.1) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.1/Microsoft.PowerShell.Management/Set-Clipboard.md
Title: Set-Clipboard
--- # Set-Clipboard
-## SYNOPSIS
+## Synopsis
Sets the contents of the clipboard.
-## SYNTAX
+## Syntax
``` Set-Clipboard -Value <String[]> [-Append] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>] ```
-## DESCRIPTION
+## Description
The `Set-Clipboard` cmdlet sets the contents of the clipboard. > [!NOTE] > On Linux, this cmdlet requires the `xclip` utility to be in the path.
-## EXAMPLES
+## Examples
### Example 1: Copy text to the clipboard
ssh key so that it can be pasted into another application, like GitHub.
Get-Content C:\Users\user1\.ssh\id_ed25519.pub | Set-Clipboard ```
-## PARAMETERS
+## Parameters
### -Append
This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable
-InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see [about_CommonParameters](https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).
-## INPUTS
+## Inputs
### System.String[]
-## OUTPUTS
+## Outputs
-## NOTES
+## Notes
In rare cases when using `Set-Clipboard` with a high number of values in rapid succession, like in a loop, you might sporadically get a blank value from the clipboard. This can be fixed by using `Start-Sleep -Milliseconds 1` in the loop.
-## RELATED LINKS
+## Related links
[Get-Clipboard](Get-Clipboard.md)
Microsoft.PowerShell.Core About Automatic Variables (7.2) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.2/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Automatic_Variables.md
objects in a pipeline.
### $PSScriptRoot
-Contains the directory from which a script is being run.
+Contains the full path of the executing script's parent directory.
In PowerShell 2.0, this variable is valid only in script modules (`.psm1`). Beginning in PowerShell 3.0, it's valid in all scripts.
Microsoft.PowerShell.Core About Language Modes (7.2) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.2/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Language_Modes.md
--- description: Explains language modes and their effect on PowerShell sessions. Locale: en-US Previously updated : 09/09/2019 Last updated : 08/03/2021 online version: https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/microsoft.powershell.core/about/about_language_modes?view=powershell-7.2&WT.mc_id=ps-gethelp schema: 2.0.0 Title: about Language Modes
of the PowerShell language can be used in the session.
PowerShell supports the following language modes: -- FullLanguage-- ConstrainedLanguage (introduced in PowerShell 3.0)-- RestrictedLanguage-- NoLanguage
+- **FullLanguage**
+- **ConstrainedLanguage** (introduced in PowerShell 3.0)
+- **RestrictedLanguage**
+- **NoLanguage**
### WHAT IS A LANGUAGE MODE?
The FullLanguage mode permits all language elements in the session.
FullLanguage is the default language mode for default sessions on all versions of Windows except for Windows RT.
-#### RESTRICTED LANGUAGE (RestrictedLanguage)
+#### Restricted language (RestrictedLanguage)
-In RestrictedLanguage mode, users may run commands (cmdlets, functions, CIM
+In **RestrictedLanguage** mode, users may run commands (cmdlets, functions, CIM
commands, and workflows) but are not permitted to use script blocks.
+Beginning in PowerShell 7.2, the `New-Object` cmdlet is disabled in
+**RestrictedLanguage** mode when system lockdown is configured.
+ By default, only the following variables are permitted in RestrictedLanguage mode:
mode:
- `$False` - `$Null`
-Module manifests, which use RestrictedLanguage mode, permit the following
+Module manifests, which use **RestrictedLanguage** mode, permit the following
additional variables as well: - `$PSScriptRoot`-- `$PSEdition` (in PowerShell Core)-- `$EnabledExperimentalFeatures` (in PowerShell Core)
+- `$PSEdition`
+- `$EnabledExperimentalFeatures`
Only the following comparison operators are permitted:
Only the following comparison operators are permitted:
Assignment statements, property references, and method calls are not permitted.
-#### NO LANGUAGE (NoLanguage)
+#### No language (NoLanguage)
NoLanguage mode can only be used through the API. NoLanguage mode means no script text of any form is permitted. This precludes the use of the
script text of any form is permitted. This precludes the use of the
and executed. You can only use **AddCommand()** and **AddParameter()** which don't go through the parser.
-#### CONSTRAINED LANGUAGE (Constrained Language)
+Beginning in PowerShell 7.2, the `New-Object` cmdlet is disabled in
+**NoLanguage** mode when system lockdown is configured.
+
+#### Constrained language (Constrained Language)
-The ConstrainedLanguage mode permits all cmdlets and all PowerShell language
-elements, but it limits permitted types.
+The **ConstrainedLanguage** mode permits all cmdlets and all PowerShell
+language elements, but it limits permitted types.
-ConstrainedLanguage mode is designed to support User Mode Code Integrity (UMCI)
-on Windows RT. It is the only supported language mode on Windows RT, but it is
-available on all supported systems.
+**ConstrainedLanguage** mode is designed to support User Mode Code Integrity
+(UMCI) on Windows RT. It is the only supported language mode on Windows RT, but
+it is available on all supported systems.
UMCI protects ARM devices by allowing only Microsoft-signed and Microsoft-certified apps to be installed on Windows RT-based devices.
-ConstrainedLanguage mode prevents users from using PowerShell to circumvent or
-violate UMCI.
+**ConstrainedLanguage** mode prevents users from using PowerShell to circumvent
+or violate UMCI.
-The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
+The features of **ConstrainedLanguage** mode are as follows:
- All cmdlets in Windows modules, and other UMCI-approved cmdlets, are fully functional and have complete access to system resources, except as
The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
- All modules included in Windows can be imported and all commands that the modules export run in the session. -- In PowerShell Workflow, you can write and run script workflows (workflows
- written in the PowerShell language). XAML-based workflows are not supported
- and you cannot run XAML in a script workflow, such as by using
- `Invoke-Expression -Language XAML`. Also, workflows cannot call other
- workflows, although nested workflows are permitted.
- - The `Add-Type` cmdlet can load signed assemblies, but it cannot load arbitrary C# code or Win32 APIs.
The features of ConstrainedLanguage mode are as follows:
- Cmdlet parameters that convert string input to types work only when the resulting type is an allowed type. -- The **ToString()** method and the .NET methods of allowed types (listed
+- The `ToString()` method and the .NET methods of allowed types (listed
below) can be invoked. Other methods cannot be invoked. - Users can get all properties of allowed types. Users can set the values of
Allowed Types:
- UInt32 - UInt64
-### FINDING THE LANGUAGE MODE OF A SESSION CONFIGURATION
+### Finding the language mode of a session configuration
When a session configuration is created by using a session configuration file, the session configuration has a LanguageMode property. You can find the
On other session configurations, you can find the language mode indirectly by
finding the language mode of a session that is created by using the session configuration.
-### FINDING THE LANGUAGE MODE OF A SESSION
+### Finding the language mode of a session
-You can find the language mode of a FullLanguage or ConstrainedLanguage
-session by getting the value of the LanguageMode property of the session
+You can find the language mode of a **FullLanguage** or **ConstrainedLanguage**
+session by getting the value of the **LanguageMode** property of the session
state. For example:
$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode
ConstrainedLanguage ```
-However, in sessions with RestrictedLanguage and NoLanguage modes,
+However, in sessions with **RestrictedLanguage** and **NoLanguage** modes,
you cannot use the dot method to get property values. Instead, the error message reveals the language mode. When you run the `$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode` command in a
-RestrictedLanguage session, PowerShell returns the
-PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection and
-VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection error messages.
+**RestrictedLanguage** session, PowerShell returns the
+**PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection** and
+**VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection** error messages.
-- PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection: Property references are not
+- **PropertyReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection**: Property references are not
allowed in restricted language mode or a Data section.-- VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection A variable that cannot be
+- **VariableReferenceNotSupportedInDataSection**: A variable that cannot be
referenced in restricted language mode or a Data section is being referenced. When you run the `$ExecutionContext.SessionState.LanguageMode` command in a
-NoLanguage session, PowerShell returns the ScriptsNotAllowed error message.
+NoLanguage session, PowerShell returns the **ScriptsNotAllowed** error message.
-- ScriptsNotAllowed: The syntax is not supported by this runspace. This might
- be because it is in no-language mode.
+- **ScriptsNotAllowed**: The syntax is not supported by this runspace. This
+ might be because it is in no-language mode.
-## SEE ALSO
+## See also
- [about_Session_Configuration_Files](about_Session_Configuration_Files.md) - [about_Session_Configurations](about_Session_Configurations.md)
Microsoft.PowerShell.Management Set Clipboard (7.2) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.2/Microsoft.PowerShell.Management/Set-Clipboard.md
external help file: Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.Management.dll-Help.xml Locale: en-US Module Name: Microsoft.PowerShell.Management Previously updated : 12/03/2020 Last updated : 08/03/2021 online version: https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/microsoft.powershell.management/set-clipboard?view=powershell-7.2&WT.mc_id=ps-gethelp schema: 2.0.0 Title: Set-Clipboard --- # Set-Clipboard
-## SYNOPSIS
+## Synopsis
Sets the contents of the clipboard.
-## SYNTAX
+## Syntax
```
-Set-Clipboard -Value <String[]> [-Append] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
+Set-Clipboard -Value <String[]> [-Append] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [-PassThru] [<CommonParameters>]
```
-## DESCRIPTION
+## Description
The `Set-Clipboard` cmdlet sets the contents of the clipboard. > [!NOTE] > On Linux, this cmdlet requires the `xclip` utility to be in the path.
-## EXAMPLES
+## Examples
### Example 1: Copy text to the clipboard
ssh key so that it can be pasted into another application, like GitHub.
Get-Content C:\Users\user1\.ssh\id_ed25519.pub | Set-Clipboard ```
-## PARAMETERS
+## Parameters
### -Append
Accept pipeline input: False
Accept wildcard characters: False ```
+### -PassThru
+
+Returns an object representing the item with which you're working. By default, this cmdlet does not
+generate any output.
+
+```yaml
+Type: System.Management.Automation.SwitchParameter
+Parameter Sets: (All)
+Aliases:
+
+Required: False
+Position: Named
+Default value: False
+Accept pipeline input: False
+Accept wildcard characters: False
+```
+ ### -WhatIf Shows what would happen if the cmdlet runs. The cmdlet is not run.
This cmdlet supports the common parameters: -Debug, -ErrorAction, -ErrorVariable
-InformationAction, -InformationVariable, -OutVariable, -OutBuffer, -PipelineVariable, -Verbose, -WarningAction, and -WarningVariable. For more information, see [about_CommonParameters](https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=113216).
-## INPUTS
+## Inputs
### System.String[]
-## OUTPUTS
+## Outputs
-## NOTES
+## Notes
In rare cases when using `Set-Clipboard` with a high number of values in rapid succession, like in a loop, you might sporadically get a blank value from the clipboard. This can be fixed by using `Start-Sleep -Milliseconds 1` in the loop.
-## RELATED LINKS
+## Related links
[Get-Clipboard](Get-Clipboard.md)
Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility Write Error (7.2) https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/7.2/Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility/Write-Error.md
external help file: Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.Utility.dll-Help.xml Locale: en-US Module Name: Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility Previously updated : 10/14/2020 Last updated : 08/03/2021 online version: https://docs.microsoft.com/powershell/module/microsoft.powershell.utility/write-error?view=powershell-7.2&WT.mc_id=ps-gethelp schema: 2.0.0 Title: Write-Error
Write-Error [-Message] <String> [-Category <ErrorCategory>] [-ErrorId <String>]
### WithException ```
-Write-Error -Exception <Exception> [[-Message] <String>] [-Category <ErrorCategory>] [-ErrorId <String>]
+Write-Error [-Exception] <Exception> [[-Message] <String>] [-Category <ErrorCategory>] [-ErrorId <String>]
[-TargetObject <Object>] [-RecommendedAction <String>] [-CategoryActivity <String>] [-CategoryReason <String>] [-CategoryTargetName <String>] [-CategoryTargetType <String>] [<CommonParameters>] ```
Write-Error -Exception <Exception> [[-Message] <String>] [-Category <ErrorCatego
### ErrorRecord ```
-Write-Error -ErrorRecord <ErrorRecord> [-RecommendedAction <String>] [-CategoryActivity <String>]
+Write-Error [-ErrorRecord] <ErrorRecord> [-RecommendedAction <String>] [-CategoryActivity <String>]
[-CategoryReason <String>] [-CategoryTargetName <String>] [-CategoryTargetType <String>] [<CommonParameters>] ```
Parameter Sets: ErrorRecord
Aliases: Required: True
-Position: Named
+Position: 0
Default value: None Accept pipeline input: False Accept wildcard characters: False
Parameter Sets: WithException
Aliases: Required: True
-Position: Named
+Position: 0
Default value: None Accept pipeline input: False Accept wildcard characters: False
learn Experimental Features https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/docs-conceptual/learn/experimental-features.md
UnderlineOff Property string UnderlineOff {get;}
The base members return strings of ANSI escape sequences mapped to their names. The values are settable to allow customization.
-For more information, see [about_Automatic_Variables](/powershell/module/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Automatic_Variables.md)
+For more information, see [about_Automatic_Variables](/powershell/module/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Automatic_Variables)
> [!NOTE] > For C# developers, you can access `PSStyle` as a singleton. Usage will look like this:
enables coloring of specific file types.
- `$PSStyle.FileInfo.Extension` - Use this member to define colors for different file extensions. The **Extension** member pre-includes extensions for archive and PowerShell files.
-For more information, see [about_Automatic_Variables](/powershell/module/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Automatic_Variables.md)
+For more information, see [about_Automatic_Variables](/powershell/module/Microsoft.PowerShell.Core/About/about_Automatic_Variables)
> [!NOTE] > You must have the **PSAnsiRendering** experimental feature enabled to use this feature.
module Index https://github.com/MicrosoftDocs/PowerShell-Docs/commits/staging/reference/module/index.md
archive_url: ''
layout: ApiBrowserPage apiPlatform: powershell quickFilterColumn1: powershell-7.1,windowsserver2019-ps
-quickFilterColumn2: azps-6.2.1,win-mdop2-ps
+quickFilterColumn2: azps-6.3.0,win-mdop2-ps
quickFilterColumn3: sqlserver-ps,systemcenter-ps-2019 ---